Application characteristics of UAV urban management law enforcement
The drone can hover 150 meters in the air, with a visible range of up to 10 kilometers. With a high-definition camera, the tracking and evidence collection process is not easy to detect by illegal personnel and can be completed the first time.
At night, the drone can conduct long-term inspections based on the light source. Law enforcement officers can formulate solutions to problems promptly based on the video returned by the drone and arrive at the scene in the shortest time.
During daily inspections, construction site supervision is difficult. The construction site cannot be accessed, or there is no road, and it isn't easy to obtain evidence. Using drones to obtain evidence-based on high aerial photography can easily find illegal buildings and steal garbage.
UAVs can inspect dozens of areas in one hour. Coupled with vehicle inspections, the inspection efficiency is increased, and problems such as dumping of muck and road pollution around the construction site are avoided.
The scope of application of drones in urban management law enforcement
1. City appearance and environmental sanitation.
UAVs are easy to take off and land, and they are very advantageous in terms of stability and safety. It has outstanding performance in the supervision of facade decoration along the street, the supervision of the installation of signboards and billboards, the supervision of muck transportation and consumption, the operation of shops beyond doors and windows, the drying along the street, and the distribution of small advertisements in public places. Compared with the traditional human inspection method, the efficiency is at least several times higher, and the cost is lower. It can also complete a lot of tasks that humans cannot complete.
2. Municipal public use.
We obtain evidence for illegal behaviors such as personal discharge of sewage to rainwater pipes, automatic use of fire hydrants to obtain water without fire alarms, and unauthorized digging of roads without approval.
3. City planning.
UAV imaging technology and accuracy have been greatly improved, and it can complete various complex terrain survey tasks, which has obvious advantages in investigating and dealing with illegal buildings.
4. Urban greening.
Investigate and punish the acts of destroying trees and destroying greening facilities so that unethical behavior has nowhere to escape.
5. Environmental protection.
For noise pollution in business sites, direct sewage discharge to rivers, and no measures taken to prevent dust on construction sites, UAV aerial images have the advantages of high definition, large scale, small area, and high current status, which are especially suitable for real-time remote monitoring.
The Application of UAV in Aerial Evidence Collection in Urban Management Law Enforcement
The workload of urban management is complicated, and human and material resources are in short supply. Violators are lucky, and violations of regulations and laws are repeatedly prohibited. In addition, the city has dense buildings, high floors, and the secrecy of a large flow of people, and there are a large number of blind spots in supervision, which puts a lot of pressure on urban management.
There is always a sparseness in Hundred Secrets. The drone can easily see the original blind spot for monitoring, shooting in all directions, no blind spots, no limitations, easy verification, and evidence collection with the full area and full field of view coverage. It saves human resources and material resources and obtains evidence conveniently and quickly. Through high-altitude aerial images, it will effectively identify illegal construction on the roof of the building, help the urban management department collect evidence, and quickly intervene in the investigation. UAVs have the characteristics of strong timeliness, good maneuverability, and a wide inspection range. They can provide comprehensive, timely, and accurate first-hand image data for urban management law enforcement and effectively improve the detection rate and disposal rate of city appearance and environmental violations.
UAV application technology is imperative to the severe trend of urban management and the high standards and strict requirements of law enforcement work.
What issues need to be paid attention to while drone law enforcement is effective
Urban development is three-dimensional. Future urban governance will test science and technology and have matching laws and regulations that do not matter in detail. UAV technology is gradually integrated into our daily lives, and the corresponding UAV control has also become an important topic.
When it comes to UAVs, our impression is still "military reconnaissance," but later, with the application and popularization of technology, UAVs gradually entered the civilian era. Nowadays, some law enforcement agencies have also started the era of "air law enforcement."
For "UAV law enforcement," we must first realize that new things are practiced in real scenarios, and what we must consider is its total social benefits. The aerial photography technology of drones is used for law enforcement. This is a practical application of scientific and technological progress and the general trend of refined and scientific law enforcement in the future.
In response to parking violations, drone law enforcement is more cost-effective and more efficient than human law enforcement. It has a greater deterrent effect on the formation of the fluke psychology of violations.
Do some people worry about whether drone shooting is not clear enough to cause misjudgment? It is not necessary. It is not an exaggeration to say that the current camera clarity has long surpassed the human eye's ability to discern. Those who have never played with drones have also played with smartphones. For example, only the car body can be seen with the naked eye, and the license plate can be seen after zooming in on the photos taken by the mobile phone.
Moreover, the illegal stop by the drone is not to take a photo but to record a video and then make a conclusion after manual analysis and judgment. In addition, unlike ground law enforcement, which often leads to disputes and conflicts, drone law enforcement is based on the video, and subjective errors in law enforcement will be greatly reduced. Even if a dispute is triggered, it can go back to the past and restore the scene.
As for the fairness of law enforcement that some people worry about, they are even more concerned. Whether in terms of time or space, drones' "full coverage" is far beyond human reach. It can be said that law enforcement by drones is more fair and objective than manual law enforcement.
Therefore, UAV law enforcement's real problem is not the lack of functionality but the "excessive" functionality. In the field of law enforcement, drones may be good medicine. Still, their side effects should be avoided as much as possible—for example, the more prominent privacy and security issues.
The application of unmanned aerial vehicles in law enforcement is not just for traffic control departments to shoot violations. For example, since at least June last year, UAV aerial photography has been used for law enforcement, which improves the efficiency of law enforcement and allows monitoring blind spots that cannot be reached by manpower to be supervised.
But just as the growth of every new thing is technology first, application followed, and regulatory follow-up, the application of drones, whether for civilian use or law enforcement by the public sector, faces problems of unclear standards and unsound standards.
There must be strict procedures and supervision for the storage and browsing permissions of the captured video. After all, the purpose of each department's law enforcement is single, but the content of the shots is comprehensive. Rules such as videos must not be leaked, and non-professional law enforcement officers must not browse, etc., should also be established.
In addition, the supervision of "law enforcement supervision" should also be put on the agenda as soon as possible to form a charter. For example, where you can fly, where you can't fly, when you can fly, and when you can't fly, the flight altitude, the performance, and safety of the drone itself, etc., must have careful considerations and detailed regulations.